Surrealism is a movement in the art scene that emerged after the World War I. It's style is described to be the dream-like themes often times represented with photographic precision with the main goal to activate the subconscious part of the brain and lead a person to a state of “super-reality” - surreality. The official starting point for this movement was the release of “Surrealist Manifesto” by Andre Breton.
One of the most famous painters of all time and leader of the this very special movement he really opened up a new chapter for art in general, mixing senses of sexuality and subconscious imagery, putting regular items in their most irregular states.
As she famously said: “They thought I was a Surrealist, but I wasn't. I never painted dreams. I painted my own reality.” Her foundational motifs were taken from popular Mexican culture and rearranged with mythical and fantasy worlds.
A french surrealist painter who's popularity has risen in the last few decades. As opposed to Dali who mostly painted the dream worlds, he concentrated on defining the regular objects and opening up new senses in them.
As he officially declined the proposition to join the movement, claiming (just like Kahlo) that there is no ties to surreality in his works as it's all “real”. His flying people that one can often find in his paintings became his benchmark and recognised all over the world.
He entered Surrealism after being a key figure in Dadaism. He was the one responsible of creating frottage as technique. He also often stated that he never created his works, but rather he was a spectator of this act of creation.
Just like Surrealism in art it represents the lead to the deep subconsciousness. Often times there are regular objects represented in the completely new light that changes their usual meaning or form.
For example it could be a macro image of tiny things that appear surrealistically huge or shots being taken from a completely new perspective that distorts the acceptable line work completely.
A lot of experimentation was put on the film developing techniques to create special effects on the developed material. Often times there were scratches and other types distortion applied to the film itself.
Other then that it was also common to put objects in the unnatural circumstance or present them in the unnatural way.
Surrealism Tattoo Artworks
Surrealism in Tattoo has started taking off just about a couple decades ago. It's main themes are perspective illusions, unnatural oversaturated colouring, merged objects and philosophical tattoos with meaning.
A lot of it's inspiration is also drawn from the original surrealism painters and their famous works are often copied or somehow rearranged into something different.
Surrealism In Film
Following along with other surrealistic movements at the time surrealism in film also had it's long run all the way to the second half of 20th century. It's main motifs were of the same nature as in every other art type, but it's techniques varied quite much and could do things that brushes could not, as to the complexity of the film making as whole.
For example: superimpositions, overexposures, fast-motion, slow-motion, reverse-motion, stop-motion, lens flares, large depth of field, shallow depth of field, and more bizarre camera tricks could transform the original image in front of the lens into something new once exposed on the film plate.